Excerpted from
The Irish Americans: The Immigrant Experience

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THE 50 BEST IRELAND URLS TO KNOW ON THE INTERNET!

MISCELLANEOUS:
1. Facts About Ireland - Culture -
http://www.irlgov.ie/iveagh/foreignaffairs/facts/fai/CHAPTER7/HOME7.html
This source provides information, divided into categories, about the local culture in areas such as literature, drama, art, music, cinema, folklore, architecture, etc.

2. Proto-Heraldry in Early Christian Ireland -
http://www.finearts.sfasu.edu/uasal/irherald.html
A great explanation of the battle arms of Irish chieftains--a rare find! This is a well-documented source that will lead you to other information on the internet concerning Irish clans, chieftains, and heraldry.

3. Scottish and Irish Clan Designations -
http://www.lubbock.com/mclaurin/
A dealer of books and genealogical information, and one of the best sources for finding Irish clan and name explanations currently on the internet. A fee is required for this source.

4. Heraldry in Ireland -
http://www.finearts.sfasu.edu/uasal/heraldry.html
A good explanation of the proto-heraldry that was common in Ireland for those interested in coats of arms.

5. Fred Hanna's Bookstore - Dublin -
http://www.hannas.ie/
A treasure chest of books concerning Ireland, Irish history, and genealogy. This is the place to find old books concerning lost records of parishes and census returns that were thought to have been destroyed.

6. Kenny's Books On-line -
http://www.iol.ie/resource/kennys/books.html
Another great source for finding those lost treasures, rare books, antiquities, and information about the people and the area you are researching. You can order this source directly over the internet.

7. British and Irish Authors -
http://lang.nagoya-u.ac.jp/index-e.html
How better to understand the people of Ireland than through their writings and poetry? Hidden insights into local happenings are often found in the poetic writings of the local bards--or perhaps your relation was an author himself!

8. Dublin, Ireland, Unofficial Home Page -
http://ireland.iol.ie/~dco/
This unofficial home page of Dublin often gives insight into local happenings, cultural events, and displays featuring the history of Ireland, and can uncover new leads to pursue in your search.

HISTORY:
9. Irish History Page -
http://wwwvms.utexas.edu/~jdana/irehist.html
This is a good place to start for a general understanding of the history of Ireland and how it affected the people and the political structure.

10. History Ireland -
http://www.ucc.ie/histire/
A great source of historical information about every county of the realm that can help you to understand the immigration and migration patterns of the Irish as well as the feuding between clans and societies.

11. Rebellion Home Page -
http://www.rtc-carlow.ie/united/98Home.html
An informative look at the 1798 Rebellion--its battles and its effect on local regions--and the people who left Ireland due to political differences.

12. The Potato Famine in History -
http://www.pilot.infi.net/~cksmith/famine/History.html
The single most profound event that led to Irish emigration was the potato famine, which devastated the food crop of Ireland and caused almost one-third of the population to die of starvation and disease. Another one-third came to other English-speaking countries such as Australia, England, Canada, and the United States. Many Xed the dying country with the help of landlords and government agencies. This site gives excellent references for information on the potato famine and how it affected each county.

13. The Irish Famine - 1845-50 -
http://avery.med.virginia.edu/~eas5e/Irish/Famine.html
This site gives added insight and information concerning the cause and effects of the Famine on the people of Ireland as well as the countries who received their emigrants.

14. Liberation of Ireland -
http://www.iol.ie/~dluby/history.htm
An in-depth look at the ongoing political battle between the Irish and the English and its effect on Northern Ireland and the religion of the Irish people.

ARCHIVES AND REPOSITORIES:
15. Trinity College - Dublin -
http://www.tcd.ie/
Trinity College, the oldest university in the world, has the largest collection of rare books and antiquities relating to the history, genealogy, and origin of the people of Ireland. Some of these books date back to the 1300s, the glorious Book of Kells to A.D. 800. It was at Trinity College that the IRLGEN Family History Project was started and continues to grow. Trinity College is also the legal repository of government documents for Ireland and is available for public research.

16. List of Local Heritage Centers -
http://www.bess.tcd.ie/irlgen/heritage.htm
This list of local county heritage centers gives addresses, fees, and contact information for professional researchers in Ireland who can carry out genealogical searches in the local archives.

17. Irish National Archives -
http://www.kst.dit.ie/nat-arch/
The National Archives located in Dublin is the repository for all known genealogical and historical documents of Ireland including censuses, probates, parish registers, tithe applotment records, immigration and emigration records, and miscellaneous records, all of which are indexed and available for searching. Some, such as the Transportation of Convicts to Australia, are available for online searching.

18. Public Record Office Northern Ireland -
http://proni.nics.gov.uk/
Here is the repository for all genealogical and historical documents relating to Northern Ireland upon its separation from the Republic of Ireland as well as all such documents pertaining to Northern Ireland as far back as the 1600s, some as far back as 1300. A web search agent can search this source for records relating to government, courts of law, and documents deposited by individuals and institutions.

19. Marsh's Library -
http://www.kst.dit.ie/marsh/library.html
The first public library in Ireland, Marsh's Library has nearly 25,000 books relating to genealogy and the history of Ireland in the 1600s and 1700s and is open to the public for research. Containing the private library of the Bishop of Worcester (1635-99), this source holds hidden treasures that cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

20. Russell Library -
http://www.may.ie/library/file_10.htm
An excellent source of local and national history and cultural materials, Russell Library has a massive collection of rare and older books, manuscripts, and archives. The oldest books date back to 1460 and contain examples of early writing and early printing methods as well as valuable information about the Irish and Ireland.

21. UCC Library - Cork -
http://booleweb.ucc.ie/special-collections.html
The UCC Library houses an extensive collection of rare and privately printed books relative to Cork before 1800 and also contains historical documents pertaining to historical studies of the 19th century.

22. University College - Galway -
http://sulacco.library.ucg.ie:80/services/info/resources/specialcol.html
University College contains the rare collection of books from Queens College, Galway, dating back to 1800, as well as historical information on Galway County and residents within the county. Also available are Galway's Civic Records or The Corporation Manuscripts, 1485-1818, 1836-1922; the Eyre Deeds, a collection of legal records relating to Galway, 1720-1857; and the Hyde Mss Collection, containing volumes of prose, poetry, and various tracts penned by 18th-century scribes and including miscellaneous manuscripts of Douglas Hyde.

23. Useful Addresses -
http://www.bess.tcd.ie/irlgen/reposit.htm
With this list of addresses for locating county and regional libraries and repositories, you can now write directly to the source for information to locate books or documents regarding speciWc topics.

GENEALOGY LINKS:
24. Irish Genealogy Links - John Grenham -
http://indigo.ie/~rfinder/
Maintained by one of Ireland's leading resident genealogists and experts on Dublin genealogy, this site offers links to genealogical resources within Ireland which are useful and categorized, as well as online archives available for searching.

25. Irish Emigrants -
http://genealogy.org/~ajmorris/ireland/ireemg.htm
This list of Irish ships and emigrants arriving in the U.S., Canada, and England is an excellent--although limited--source for genealogists, and should not be ignored since it is constantly growing due to volunteer contributions.

26. Irish Family History Foundation -
http://www.mayo-ireland.ie/Roots.htm
A full-service genealogical foundation, this page not only offers resources and addresses, but also paid research services, making it easier to cover all the documents available. It also contains links to each local historical and research center for every county.

27. Essential Genealogy Links Page - Sponsored by the House of Waterford -
http://www.browseireland.com/geneology/
A growing and rarely indexed page by the internet web robots, this is an excellent source of Irish genealogy links which may well be missing elsewhere. Maintained by the House of Waterford in Waterford, Ireland, it is more extensive than many others and includes links to home pages about Irish surnames and pedigrees.

28. Irish Genealogical Society International -
http://mtn.org/mgs/branches/irish.html
This page links Minnesota, home to many Irish immigrants, and Ireland.

29. Irish Surname List -
http://genealogy.org/~ajmorris/ireland/iresurn.htm
Although not very extensive, this list is one of the few places on the internet that has good information on particular Irish surnames.

30. Ulster Historical Foundation -
http://www.uhf.org.uk/frames30.htm
Started in 1957 and constantly updated, this source aids in historical and genealogical research in Ulster, Northern Ireland, and although still under construction, promises to be the ultimate resource for Northern Ireland sources, offering an online search as well as yearly conferences.

31. Irish Surname Lists -
http://www.cs.ncl.ac.uk/genuki/SurnamesList/
Surname lists maintained by the county hosts are available for public posting and often lead you to others who are researching the same lines and with whom you can share information. Invaluable to the inexperienced researcher, they give you links, networking ability, and leads to information concerning your own family.

32. World Gen Web Project Ireland Genealogy Page -
http:/www.geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/5341/index.html
Recently begun, the World Gen Web Ireland Page is fast becoming the source for Irish researchers, maintaining query pages, surname lists, and resource lists for every county in Ireland. The Ireland Gen Web Project is slowly adding to its archives records, including family histories, that have been carried to other countries and are no longer available in Ireland.

33. GENUKI Pages -
http://midas.ac.uk/genuki/mindex.html
The offical and most complete source for British genealogical research, the GENUKI pages organize information by county within the different countries. They also list surname lists, list servers, and local repositories for every county, making it easier to concentrate on one area at a time.

34. 3rd Irish Genealogical Congress -
http://www.genealogy.org/~igc/
An international event for genealogists interested in Irish research, the 3rd Irish Genealogical Congress will keep you up to date on the most recent developments in Irish genealogy.

35. IRLGEN Family History Project -
http://www.bess.tcd.ie/roots_ie.htm
The IRLGEN Project, developed at Trinity College in Dublin, organizes and archives materials relating to family history and genealogical research in Ireland. A great place to look for resources, research methods, and links, this is the place to start when doing Irish genealogical research.

36. Genealogical Guide to Ireland -
http://www.bess.tcd.ie/irlgen/genweb2.htm
Part of the IRLGEN Project, this is an index to the list of resources, complete with a "get started guide" for the beginning genealogist as well as useful links in locating additional material.

37. Index to Irish Genealogy Guide -
http://www.bess.tcd.ie/irlgen/links.htm
Part of the IRLGEN Project, this alphabetical index to the genealogical guide helps beginning researchers to locate records faster and more efficiently.

38. Sources (by era) -
http://www.bess.tcd.ie/irlgen/sera.htm
Separated by era, this index maintained by IRLGEN directs you to speciWc records for each time period. It names various substitutes for lost census and parish registers, and as such is an invaluable source for locating replacement records.

39. A-Z of British Genealogical Research -
http://midas.ac.uk/genuki/big/EmeryPaper.html
An alphabetical dictionary and explanation of genealogical terms, this guide helps you to understand which records are worth searching and how to utilize them. It covers everything from abbreviations to heraldry to handwriting, and even includes a wish list of resources we would like to have available for British genealogical research. Absolutely invaluable!

40. Directory of Royal Genealogy -
http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/
This directory is essential for those with royal connections. It not only lists the royal families of England and Great Britain, but also the kings of Ireland and all the other royal families of Europe, including Jerusalem and the Islamic Dynasties.

41. Old and New Style Dates -
http://midas.ac.uk/genuki/big/dates.txt
Because the Gregorian calendar was not adopted in England until 1752, many dates of birth, marriage, and death are ambiguous and hard to interpret. This treatise on old and new style dates and the different calendars that were used can help clarify how the calendar affects genealogical research.

42. Genealogy Before the Parish Registers -
ftp://sable.ox.ac.uk/pub/users/malcolm/genealogy/pro/ri028.txt
After you have exhausted the most widely used documents such as parish registers and civil registrations, this is a good source for the availability of records before parish registers and provides some strategies involved in doing genealogical research.

43. Military Records -
http://chide.museum.org.uk/military.index.html
For those with ancestors who served in the British military this is an excellent resource for locating histories of different colonial regiments and military elements. It is also linked to other resources for locating military records throughout the British Empire.

44. Irish Genealogy Page -
http://wwwvms.utexas.edu/~jdana/history/genealogy.html
This site, maintained by a University of Texas student, is a good place to start Irish research. Updated frequently, it contains new sources of information.

MAPS:
45. Interactive Maps of Ireland -
http://starti.ucd.ie/maps/ireland.html
A good source for finding current locations on general maps of Ireland, you can click your way from county to county for boundaries and major thoroughfares.

NEWSGROUPS AND LIST SERVERS:
46. news:soc.genealogy.uk+ireland -
A great list server for finding out information about the availability of records and for sharing information with others.

47. news:clari.world.europe.ireland -
Another good list server for finding out sources of information and sharing information with others.

48. emigration-ships-L@rootsweb.com - (e-mail address)
An excellent list server for finding out information about specific ships, passengers, and ports of entry. The members are very knowledgeable and thorough and are willing to share information. Be aware when you subscribe that their mailings are very heavy!

CLASSES FOR IRISH GENEALOGY:
49. Ideaschool Free Ireland Genealogy Class -
http://www.ideaschool.org/courses/general/gen208.htm
An excellent class, free of charge, that takes you from the beginning steps of organizing your research to locating and hopefully searching the records needed to complete your Irish genealogy to the best of your ability. Taught by an accredited genealogist, this is the perfect class for the beginning as well as the more advanced student of genealogy.

50. Carl Sandburg College Internet Genealogy Class -
http://csc.techcenter.org/~mneill/csc.html
An excellent course in exploring genealogy over the internet, this is a fairly inexpensive class that offers online instruction covering the basic sources and research methods.


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